(Revised 2005) Causes of pressure ulcers/sores
The Waterlow Manual is a comprehensive
guide providing detailed backround infomation on the Waterlow
scale and how to use it effectively. It provides an overview
of the management activities associated with the introduction
of a .
Particular attention is given to the assessment of risk,
and an explanation of the reasoning behind the choice of
parameters used in the system which
forms the heart of the Waterlow Pressure Ulcer Prevention/Treatment
Examples are given of how the card can provide a valuable
aid to nurses and home carers in their fight to reduce the
unnecessary cost and pain of pressure ulcers.
This Manual, originally produced in 1994, has undergone
a complete revision. The Waterlow has
been modified in the light of a large research programme
conducted for the Queensland Government by Queensland Health.
In addition to presenting the modified ‘Waterlow’,
the opportunity has been taken to revise, expand and update
all other areas of the Manual, with the addition of many
The updated Manual, as the original, which had been produced
in response to all the questions the author had been asked
over the years, is still produced as a simple guide to help
readers understand the causes of pressure ulcers, and how
they may be prevented.
How the Waterlow system should be used
How the risk factors can influence pressure sore
Applicability of Waterlow in all areas of care
A cost effective approach to preventative aids
The EPUAP and Stirling (SPSSS) Wound Classification
Management policy issues
A list of useful references is included.
It is practical, easy to read and understand.
It has been fully revised
The factors that can cause pressure sores are discussed.
It is research based and has 33 references for further
It has already been tried and tested all over the
Its use will lead to cost effective care.
It has helped all levels
of staff to provide excellent care.